MARCH i997



Tom Adams.

In your hands you have the March 1997 edition of the Commodore MaiLink. This issue has the March 1997 membership list. Please take care of this list. It contains the names, address, and some telephone numbers and e-mail addresses. In addition the last pages have information on those that are willing to help others with various software and hardware. These contacts are very valuable. The page also list discounts on some commercial software and the instructions on ordering are printed on these pages. This list is expensive to print and mail. If you lose this there is a Five (5) dollar replacement fee.

There was an error on the post cards sent to those late in renewing their membership. (See "Apology" from Frank Redmond). The card said the dues for 1997 are Ten Dollars ($10.00) in reality the dues are $12.00.- I decided that it was too expensive to send the checks back and ask for an additional two bucks. So all those

or that sent in the ten dollar fee got a bargain. I am asking that if anyone wants to = send a donation to the group to help make up for the error please make the check or money order payable to "J.Y. Powell” and mail it to Joseph Powell, 5366 Fieldwood Drive, Houston TX £77056-27@8. While we won’t go broke and you are assured of getting all six issues of The Commodore MaiLink, it would make our treasurer very happy to know we have a bit left over after mailing. Another error was that some people slipped through the crack with the clunky system we have for re-newals. See Jean Nance’s story about how we handle late renewals. To those that did get their January issue late I humbly apologize. Please, IF YOU DOON’T GET A NEWSLETTER BY ABOUT THE 22ND OF THE MONTH OF ISSUE, LET ME KNOW. If after reading Jean’s article you have a better mousetrap please write to me and let the club beat a path tp your door. I would like to ask all the members that have e-mail addresses either through an Internet Provider or BBS to send me a message. My address book was accidently erased (can you say stupid!). I didn’t have a backup. That’s another word I have to learn - backup.. There are really two reasons for this request, first to get my address book back. Second I would like to publish the e-mail addresses of those that have them. E-mail is the fastest and cheapest communication I know. If you would please.send a message to: with the subject field that says "Mailink" without the quotes I will know you have mo objection to having your e-mail address published. The Commodore MaiLink is now available in three (3) flavors. First is the hard copy you are holding. Second is a disk version. The disk version contains all the text of the hard copy but no graphics. This is good if you have a sight problem and can use a large type program to read the text on the screen of your Commodore aw computer. This version will also have a bonus. On the flip side of the 1541 disk

will be some great public domain (PD), freeware or shareware programs. Ever since the The Underground merged with the Loadstar Letter I have been asked where Commodore users can get programs like those published in The Underground. Now you can get the latest and greatest programs from the Internet and the online services delivered right to your mailbox. The distribution of the disk version will be


handled by Fred Knerr. Fred says the price of the disk version will be One Dollar ($1.@0). Talk about a bargain!! More details are provided on another page. The third flavor is what is called the Hi-Lites. This is a version that omits all references to the buy, sell, trade, new members and other stuff only for members. This version | is available to anyone to put on a BBS, online service or on the Internet. The cost a, of this version will vary from free to $1.0@. If you have an Internet address I will be happy to send you the Hi-Lites free. If you need the copy on disk it will cost you $1.00 for the disk and mailer. Send all requests for the Hi-Lites to Tom Adams. Speaking of the Hi-Lites and the Internet check out a story elsewhere in this issue of where the Hi-Lites can be found on the Internet today.

A warm welcome to the new members whose bios appear in the March membership list: Donald Bowman, Ismael Cordeiro, Ed Goodale, Bill Spear, and Ron Wagner.


TOM ADAMS. President. 4427 39th St., Brentwood, MD 20722-1022. Ph. (301) 927-8826. tom. adams@neteast. com. ORGANIZATION BUSINESS AND MEMBERSHIP. ALSO NEWSLETTER PRINTING AND DISTRIBUTION.

FRANCIS REDMOND, Vice-president. Rt 7, Box 7614, Palestine, TX 75801.

JOSEPH Y. POWELL, Treasurer. S366 Fieldwood, Houston, TX £77056. DUES AND DONATIONS.


JEAN NANCE. 1109 Briarcliff Dr., Urbana, IL 61801. NEWSLETTER MANAGING EDITOR.


The Commodore MaiLink is published every other month by Meeting 64/128 Users Through the Mail. Commodore (R) and the Commodore logo are both trademarks belonging to ESCOM, Inc. All references to the foregoing should be so noted. Copyright 1997 by Meeting 64/128 Users Through the Mail. All rights reserved. Permission given to reprint material if credit is given to “Meeting 64/128 Users Through the Mail." The names "Meeting 64/128 Users Through the Mail" and ="The Commocore MaiLink" are also copyrighted. Any and all opinions expressed in this publication are the views of the authors and in no way necessarily reflect the viewpoints, attitudes, or policies of Meeting 64/128 Users group unless so_ stated or indicated. Neither Commodore MaiLink nor Meeting 64/128 Users Through the Mail advocates or condones the piracy of copyrighted software. All programs published are with the permission of the author or are, to the best of our knowledge, in the public domain. Software offered for sale is said by the seller to be either public domain or, if commercial, is the original disk with the original documentation. All manuscripts, or any material for review or publication should be sent to 8 the | editor of the next issue (see ’Editor’s Desk’). Commodore MaiLink reserves the oe, right to edit submissions.

Jolene Ehret and Jean Nance

Jolene was the editor for the March, 1997 MaiLink. She gathered the material, but just after her deadline, when she was ready to put the issue together, she came down with a bad case of bronchitis and was hospitalized for some time. She certainly would have been in no shape to get into the task when she did return home, so her daughter sent a big envelope of submissions to Jean Nance.

Jean put the material together, using the "Illustrator II" version of "The Write Stuff" word processor, a version written by member, Hugh McMenamin. I anything got ignored or lost, we apologize. We both did our best.

As her deadline approached, Jolene did not appear to have enough material for an issue. Jean got busy on the Internet and begged for material from some of the members who were available there. Several complied, and we are very grateful to them.

ROLF MILLER will be the editor of the May MaiLink. His address is: 492 Anacapa St. , Ventura, CA 93001. Email, His deadline is April 2ist. Disk submissions can be in TWS, Pet ASCII sequential or Speedscript. Please label disks with your name and the format of the file. If you explain why it is necessary, Rolf is willing to type material from hard copy.


Last month Tom Adams called me and said that there were a number of members that hadn’t sent in their 1997 dues. Since I was familiar with the procedure, he asked me to send out the notices. I agreed and duly received the list of unpaid members. I immediately mailed out the notices.

A couple of weeks later, our esteemed Gardian’ of the Treasure, Joe Powell called me and said that the he was receiving a number of payments for $10.00 and $12, instead of the current rate of $12.@@ domestic and $14.00 to our near neighbors.

WHOOPS!! after all my care and proof reading, I got the basic message messed up and sent out the wrong rates. I wish to apologize to all of you folk that I misinformed and to Joe and Tom for causing them additional headaches in addition to their usual problems inn keeping this organization going.

Frank Redmond

The phone number for “Surplus Direct" on page 9 of the January MaiLink was obviously a typo. The correct number is 1-800-753-7877. Ed Harler

TREASURER’S REPORT From: Joe Powell To: All Members

Once again we lucked out. Your treasurer was honored this past year by the American Embezzlers Association as being the member least likely to succeed in 1996. Since I felt a strong conviction to live up to this honor we still have aé=ebank account. Our financial activities are outlined below.

Debits to the account include all costs of printing, collating, and stapling the news letter and membership lists, postage and envelopes. It also covers some of the miscellaneous expenses incurred by your officers from correspondence and phone calls. Tom Adams stuffs all the envelopes so it may include the cost of all the Raspberry Kool-Aid he consumes while doing this.

Credits include 1996 dues received from late paying members, dues received from new members and 1997 dues received by 31 December 1996. It also includes donations made by members with their dues.

We maintain the minimum, balance reqired to avoid charges. Below is a brief summary of the years activities.

Opening balance 1-1-96 $2225.66 Credits (deposits) 3026. 54 Debits (checks) 3329.07 Balance on hand 12-31-96 2432.93

The balance as of the date of this report, 2-04-97, was 2845.93. If anyone wants to see the details of the years transactions, send me a SASE and I will provide a copy. Thanks to all those people who made extra donations and who wrote me letters with their checks.


Here is where I share with you some of the mail I receive from members. This letter was not addressed to me but to our treasurer, Joe Powell but I thought all would be interested.

Dear Joseph,

- Enclosed is the check for my ’97 dues. Back in December I had written to Tom (Adams) about my dropping out of the group, I’m "moving on" to newer systems. Unfortunately one of the newer systems died, I want back in. See my bio for the complete lurid details. Ha!

Sincerely. (name withheld)

Well we see the "newer" systems are not as great as you would think. A friend of mine saw an article in the local paper that said that owners of the newer Pentiums needed $1400.00 in software just to keep up with the latest and greatest out there. My friend asked if he really needed to spend an additional $1400.00 to get his system up and running. My reply was NO. Since he uses his computer for word processing and a data base for his club, I said after the word processor was loaded, nothing was going to make his two finger typing any faster or better and he still needed the spell checker for his writing.


Recently Tom Adams received an angry letter from a member who had paid his dues promptly, but did not get his January Mailink. Instead he got a reminder card telling him he had not paid dues. Joe Powell and I received copies. Tom immediately sent the missing MaiLink and a letter of apology and explanation. I also sent the irate member a letter, shown here. I think all members need to understand our system and the occasional problems with it.

Dear ———-——-

I am sorry to hear that there was an error in our system for collecting dues, recording membership, and sending out January newsletters. I will explain briefly what the system is. It may sound urwieldy, but we haven’t been able to figure out a better one. 7

1) Dues are sent to Joe Powell, who puts the name of the renewing member on a menbership list for the coming year, and deposits the check.

2) After the first of the year, Joe sends his list of paid-up members to Tom Adams.

3) About the same time, Brian Vaughan sends Tom a set of address labels for all members from the previous year.

4) Tom takes Joe’s list and Brian’s labels, and puts a label on an envelope for each person whose mame is on the list. The MaiLink is sent in these envelopes.

»)) A reminder card goes to each person whose label is "left over" unless they have told Tom they are dropping out. This year, our vice president, Frank Redmond, printed up the cards, put on the left-over labels, and mailed the cards. I see nothing in Frank’s card that is threatening or says you have been thrown out of the group. It just says that you have not paid your 1997 dues, and you are urged to send them to Joe Powell as soon as possible. The card reminds a lot of members who forgot to send in their dues. It usually brings in 20 or 30 extra renewals.

This system is designed to manage dues, membership records, and mailings for a lot of people. At times there are slip-ups. This time, Tom made a few errors in comparing the list and the labels. A few people who had paid their dues did not get their address labels on an envelope and so did not get a MaiLink. Their labels were considered "left over", and were sent to Frank.

If you don’t get your January MaiLink by about January 2ist, it is a good idea to write to Tom Adams. If you had done that, Tom would have checked with Joe Powell, realized the error, and sent you your MaiLink. While I was president, there were usually a few errors in the system each year, but the matter was always speedily set right.

You must remember that the people who do these chores are volunteers. This is not a profit making business. We all have jobs and/or families and. other responsibilities. We don’t get paid, and generally lay out more money on supplies, postage, phone calls, and so on, than we choose to bill the group for. We spend long hours, week in and week out, year in and year out, keeping this group running. Much of this is tedious work that takes care and concentration. It is hardly suprising that at times, things don’t go perfectly. Tom has written to you, with an explanation and an apology. You are a valued and long-time member and we would have hated to have lost you. But please, give us the benefit of the doubt. We are only

human and we make mistakes!


The Mailink on Disk has been published for about 9 years. Jim Green has been editor for 6 years, but has decided he must drop the responsibility. The disk was started for the benefit of members who had visual handicaps and found it easier to read text material on screen. Some members preferred the disk version because disks are easier to store than paper issues, and you can send disk copies or printouts of MaiLink articles to friends. The March and September disks with files of the membership lists were a great convenience.

Jim programmed an animated graphic introduction for each disk. He filled the back with selections from his great "Jim Green Disks" collection of public domain programs. There will be some changes in the MaiLink on Disk, but it will still be available, thanks to new volunteer editor, Fred Knerr. ,


The March 97 issue of The Commodore MaiLink on disk is a first for the group. Before the disk version was available to those that had a problem seeing the type and used a large type program to read the text on screen of their Commodore 64. Now we have a disk version that also has the latest and greatest of programs ‘found on the Internet and online services.

The first issue has a program that is very dear to my heart, Bank Accounts. I have used this program since 1989 to keep track of my checkbook. It has many features that are just not found on other checkbook programs, believe me I have looked. This is a Commodore 64 program that runs just as well in 64 mode on the 128. The only thing I have against this program is that it loads very slowly. I have found keeping it on my RamLink speeds up the loading process but it makes backups mandatory .

Here is a brief look at the program. The first menu gives you the choices to Use Your Accounts, Start An Account, Program Information, Program Modifications, Search Your Files, Mailing Labels, Exit To Basic. First you should print the instructions. next you would Start An Account. Here you enter your bank’s name, your account number for each account you create. Now you are ready to use the program. You now select Use Your Accounts. The next menu is View Your Register, Make A Deposit, Make A Withdrawal, Your Monthly Bills, Enter Misc. Checks, Printout Register, Balance Your Account, Pervious Months, Edit Your Register, Leave This Account.

View Your Register is just that a view of your register. The very first entry should be a deposit of whatever the last balance in your paper checkbook with a memo of "Balance Forward". Bank Accounts can handle amounts up to $99,999,99. Make A Withdrawal is similar to making a deposit and I use this for ATM withdrawals.

Your Monthly Bills is designed to eliminate entering the same information every month. Here you set up payments for checks you write every month, utility bills, mortgage, rent, loan payments, ect. After you enter this information once all you have to do next time is enter the amount. The program will remember the payee, and the account number to be printed in the memo field on your checks.

Enter Misc. Checks is where you enter checks that are not part of the monthly bilis. here you enter the date, payee, amount, memo for the register and a memo for the check if you want to print it.

Balance Your Account is quick and easy using Bank Accounts.

be ane Months is where you save each month after each months checks have cleared

e bank.

There is an address and phone number in the documentation where you. can order checks. It is Deluxe Check Printers, these are the same people that print the checks

you order from your bank. I am not a very good reviewer so I’11 leave th the docs for you to read.


The Commodore Mailink is looking for someone to review programs for the disk version. I will be happy to supply the programs but I don’t have the time or talent to do the writing. Please write to me or Fred Knerr if you can volunteer to do some Of the writing. Remember the success or failure of this version is really up to you !


Break out the history books! February 8th, 1997 marked an important date in MaiLink history; it’s the day the Hi-Lites version of MaiLink was launched into the cyberspace world of the internet. Venture to http: //—qt/hili.htm for your Own personal glimpse of the Commodore-friendly Cyber Hi-Lites. Please note that beginning with the March issue the URL (or address) will change to http: //www.—qt/mailink.htm.

Why did we decide to post our newsletter on the internet? Well there area variety of reasons. But number one on the list is the fact that more people can now be introduced to our group bringing us more publicity and more members to our family.

For those of you not familiar with the internet, it’s definitely time to get those feet wet. Last year the Commodore World virtually exploded on the internet. Currently the number of Commodore related web sites are too numerous to even count. In addition to web sites, there are ftp sites (sites containing archives of Commodore programs free for the downloading), and several Commodore oriented IRC . channels (#c-64, #cé64ntsc, and #qwkrr) where you can chat real-time about the best computer ever invented! The first stop in cyberspace for any Commodore devotee is easy... visit Jim Brain’s famous Commodore Web Gite (—brain/). You"11 find Jim’s latest addition - CaBooM (http://ww. - a Commodore Search Engine specifically designed to help you easily locate almost any Commodore information you could possibly need. Simply type in a keyword and CaBooM produces an index of keyword-related sites!

The internet contains a whole host of specific topic-related sites sure to please even the most out-of-the world interests. And the best thing about the internet is the fact that any computer-platform has access to this virtual endless world of information and entertainment; even the Commocore! All you need to get those tootsies wet is your Commodore, a VI-10@ (VT-1@2 and VT-52 will also work) emulating terminal program (Novaterm -— for the C-64, and Desterm or Dialogue 128 for the C-128), anda 2400 baud (or greater) modem, along with a shell account subscription from an Internet Service Provicer. There is plenty of help available. In fact, this newsletter is a perfect tool for requesting assistance.

In conclusion, we’d love to hear your comments on the new Cyber version of Hi- Lites. In the future, we’1l use these comments to update and maintain the pages of Hi-Lites. In the meantime, enjoy this issue of theMaiLink.

CNote: the character - should be replaced with the "tilde" character. In Desterm

it is the shifted up arrow combination, in Dialogue 129 it is the shifted asterisk (Kk) combination and with Novaterm it is the shifted up arrow combination. ]

Comments or questions to Tom Adams.


This procedure involves the use of a monitor, either a separate program, or the one built into the Super Snapshot V5 cartridge. When you use the cartridge, press DEL when you are presented with the startup menu. When your normal screen appears, press the cartridge button. Now select the Monitor option from the menu. You’1l see a line of numbers and a prompt. The same will happen when you use a monitor program and run ic.

Put a disk with a Koala picture in drive 8, and make sure you know its exact name. | Now enter the following lines:

L "name of picture", @8 T 5000 7FIF 4000 S "new filename", 08, 4000, SF3F

That’s it! If you use a monitor other than the Super Snapshot one, you may have to precede your command letter by a period.

Here is an explanation of those three lines above. The first line loadsthe picture from drive 8. Make sure you have the name entered correctly, including the spade in Koala picture files. The second line transfers memory from 60@@-7F3F to memory location 4000. The third line saves the picture back to disk in Printshop Magic format with the name you specify. Make sure you have enough disk space to save the picture.

Although the monitor may show that the picture goes all the way from 600@ to 8711, all we need is the picture information from 6000-7F4.

One thing to keep in mind is that Koala pictures are in mecd-res format while PS Magic is in hi-res format. The result are some funny jagged edges around some objects. This is normal when converting between the two formats.

This method is useful when you don’t have a graphics converter program handy, or the one you have doesn’t convert between these formats.

WARNING Larry Schafer.

In regard to changing chips, or even plugging ina joystick or mouse Watch out for static electricity! I speak from experience. Always turn off the computer before plugging anything into one of the ports. (The likely alternative that I’ve seen is a fat blue spark and a blown chip.) And when disconnecting or connecting a chip, be darn sure you and the machine are well grounded. Installed chips are fairly resistant to static charges, but an exposed circuit is very vwulnerable and it’s surprising how much static charge can appear out of nowhere.

USING THE SPREADSHEET FOR TAXES (A compilation of articles from CIVIC 64/128 GAZETTE)

Submitted by Rolf Miller

Do you prefer to do your own taxes? Do you fill out the forms by hand? If so, you know this can be a lot of work. Besides all that’s involved in the tax stuff, the effort is seldom completed without making mistakes that need correction. And when you change a figure on one line of a tax form, odds are it will require changing the figures on other lines. fThat’s the way it is with tax forms.

If you don’t know, the spreadsheet can really make life easier at this time of year for those who fill out tax forms by hand. The reason is because the calculation procedures required by tax forms can be imitated on ae spreadsheet: figures can be entered, formulas written to utilize them, and the results used in other calculations. Once a spreadsheet is set up, it will automatically recalculate the results of any changes entered. So, when all the numbers are in place, all that is then left to do is hit the recalculation key and copy the mumbers onto the forms.

Spreadsheets consist of a matrix of columns and rows. The columns are usually labeled with letters and the rows (lines) with numbers. The intersection of a column and row is called a cell and is identified by referring to its column

letter(s) and row number. Ai, then, refers to the column A row 1 cell, the home cell. A B C D E F 1 home 2 3

When a spreadsheet is first run, it comes up blank with the cell cursor at the top left home cell position. This cursor is moved with the cursor keys. Text, numbers, and formulas are entered into cells by moving the selector to the desired cell, typing, and pressing RETURN. The syntax for formulas and other program specifics will be found in the program’s manual.

It is usually best to lay out a spreadsheet similar to the proposed task. This normally involves labeling various columns and lines to identify the cells where entries will be mace. However, tax forms are pretty straightforward and detailed. And as mentioned, most spreadsheets use letters for rows. Tax forms use letters to identify several of the most used schedules: A, B, C, D, E, F, and numbered lines. Therefore, a column on the spreadsheet can be viewed as a form, and the row reference numbers can be the form’s’ line numbers. In other words, no further labeling is necessary. Just start entering amounts and formulas in the columns and rows as indicated by the forms’ letters and line numbers. By using the tax forms to guide the effort, you can set up your entire tax return on the spreadsheet.

Using this method, then, columns A, B, C, D, E, and F of the spreadsheet are mentally assigned to correspond to those schedules as used. Form 1@4@ could be assigned to column G or other unused column, and other forms, including any required state returns, can use various columns as desired. OF course, only those schedules and forms that pertain to your particular situation need be used.

So, if your situation requires an entry on line 1 of schedule A, it is entered in cell Al of the spreadsheet. Entries in other cells are likewise made as they correspond to the forms. To get an idea of this, form 104@ line 32 is merely a restatement of the amount on line 31. If column G is used for form 1@4@, the formula written in cell G32 is simply =G31. Another example is form 1040 line 34 where the total itemized deductions from line 28 of schedule A is placed. If column


G is used for form 1040, the formula written in cell G34 is simply =A28. If instead, the standard deduction is used, merely type the amount in the cell = and if

will replace the formula. Then there is form 1640 line 36 where calculation is made for the personal exemption. Form 1040 line 6e is where the total mumber of exemptions is recorded. If column G is used for form 1@4@ and cell is used for the total number of exemptions, the formula written in cell G3 is =G6x2500 for 1995 (=G6%255@ for 1996).

Where multiple entries for a line are required, the entries can be placed in cells that won’t otherwise be used for a form and a SUM formula referencing them placed in the cell corresponding to the line number. For instance, line 1 of schedule B allows for i14 items. The B schedule uses but 10 lines for numeric entries. So, the line 1 entries can be placed in cells B11 through B24 and cell Bil Given the formula SUM(B11:B24). The formula references remind you where the entries are to be made. Forms that require multiple column entries, such as schedule E, can be handled in the same way. Or, additional sheet columns can be assigned to them.

It is noted that when formulas are written in cells, they do not appear in the cell. Instead, the cell displays the results of the formula. Formulas in cells are usually revealed in an input line at the top of the sheet when the cell cursor in placed on the cell. Also, some spreadsheets produce errors when formulas reference blank cells. If that is the case with the spreadsheet you are using, it’s suggested that zeros be supplied because an error will also occur if a formula is written incorrectly. Supplying the zeros in the referenced cells will tell if the formula syntax is correct. (Use decimal multiplication in place of division to avoid dividing by zero errors. In other words, use *.25 instead of /4.)

Beginning the effort by setting up the spreadsheet based on the previous year’s actual return will be found helpful and provides a basis for judging the accuracy of the work. When the results come up the same, save the sheet, then revise it for the current year. Since tax forms can change from year to year, each line of the previous year’s sheet should be compared with the new forms, checking formulas for any changes, especially values such as percentages and fixed amounts like the personal exemption on 1@64@ line 36.

You will find that the few hours you spend setting up a spreadsheet are later saved in the reduction of actual work. The time savings are compounded in future years because tax forms seldom undergo radical changes, making revision a quick process. Tax instruction booklets usually highlight major changes.


A query on comp.sys.cbm about using an ISDN modem with a Commodore 128 brought the following answer from Matthias Matting <>:

"Yes, you can use an ISDN-MODEM. Make sure you really get an ISDN Modem, not an external ISDN Adapter. It has to be able to be controlled by Modem commands (like the ZyXEL and US Robotics models). For your C128, that’s just like using a normal modem. OF course, Swiftlink or another R&S232 cartridge is a must. Beware of ISDN adapters that can only be used with special software drivers (like all the internal models)."

ISDN has been around a long time, but it is rather costly and has not promoted by the phone companies. Nevertheless, this news shows what our "orphans" can do with the right software and hardware.

UNIX THINGS TO KNOW ABOUT Joe Fenn (XkkxK kilroy *kxkx)

Having been on the internet via a local server now for one year I will pass on some things I call "secrets". Why call it that? Because I had to dig like heck to get the answers from guys like Jim Brain, Monty Python, Bob Masse and the Canadians who are a bunch of very savvy CBM users yet. I couldn’t even get many of these solved by going straight to the source known as "". They publish the series of books called "777? for dummies". You fill in the question marks. I understand why, *cause to make any money, they must cater to the masses (read that IBM/MAC) and we 8 bit types are now a minority. What we need most is a book "UNIX FOR REAL DUMMIES”.

As most of you know by now, your “home dir” on any server is where you live if you’ re on a shell account (and most CBM’ers are). If you wish to transfer CBM files via the net as part of your "EMAIL" its dome through the "ATTACHMENT" feature of your "EMAIL". First you must upload the file to your HOME DIR before it can be carried as part of a message. For now, pretend that your "HOME DIR" is an old fashioned BBS as we had for so many years. Soon as you get logged on, you will be in that home dir. Just type "is", or "la" (this depends on which type of SHELL your server provides). In all the above I am referring to the most common shell which is called "csh" (nicknamed seashell) or a later version called "tcesh" which uses almost all the same cmd syntax.

DETAILS. sz filename (think of this as meaning "Server sends to me" I/E so you’re actually going to download a file from home dir to your little C64 or Cizs). This might be a file someone sent you as part of an email letter. You will know as the text in the letter told you the file is part of your email msg even though you can’t see it from the area where you read your email. In "Dialogue" one of our last and best TERM programs for the 128, you type sz filename (cr). You will see a short burst of unreadable data. Next use the download cmd "C= D" and up pops your y modem prompt screen. It shows the default setting as y/modem transfer. Tap your run/stop key once and the crsr will jump to the top of that screen and waits. Next tap >run/stop” once more and the screen prompts you to choose either "SEQ or PRG" type of file transfer. Once you do that you will see the transfer begin and the packets of data (unreadable) on your screen which looks like a lot of "garbage". Just sit back and enjoy the view. If its a long file, get some coffee and sip. Once the transfer is finished, you will get about 3 lines of what looks a little less like junk. Also you will get bells from your "server" until you tap your (cr) key. Hint if the file is an .sda or .sfx type archived file, you must choose "prg" as the file type ’cause thats what they are till they are planted on your disk and run. I your email letter said the file is an ASCII text file then you can choose the "SEQ" as Filetype. Okay, now for the other routine “rz” (think of it as "server receives from your machine') thus you would do an upload to the HOME DIR but here it gets a little trickey. First you must type "rz filename" (cr). You will see a short line of stuff burst on your screen (unreadable). Now hit "C= U" (er), which is the “Dialogue” upload command. Again the default transfer protocol is shown as ’y modem’ which is what you must use, so tap the run/stop key once, and the crsr jumps up top of the screen. Tap it again and the “seq or prg"” prompt awaits your choice. Same rules apply as for choosing the file type as shown above when receiving a file from server. For some reason unknown to me the “uploading file to server" process is not as bullet-proof as the "downloading from. server". I/E it doesn’t always take off like its supposed to. Just go through the same routine 2 or 3 times.

S00ner or later it will take and you see your file packets in the screen window transferring. One of the secrets here is that even though your server sysop may have told you that you must have the "z" modem transfer capability in your TERM software, you don’t really. The “z/modem" choice will work flawlessly most of the time for both uploading or downloading albeit "uploading" is as I said a little shaky sometimes. I recently got all my FGM V5 software upgraded this way to V6.5 and it took 3 lengthy files (.sda) to do it. Ron Hackley didn’t even bill me for the upgrade. said "as long as we can do it to your email address as a email attached file, mo charge”"!!!. Hows that for “hogs heaven" sport fans.

Once you have files in your "home dir" then you marry them to your email letter as an "attachment" by just cursoring to that line on top of your email letter, and typing in the "filename" of the file. It happens ina blink of your eye (even lengthy files). P.S. There is another way to get those CBM type native files to another place, and its called "FTP" or “file transfer protocol" in UNIX. But will dwell on that at another time. Aloha from the Isles.


I have a Hewlet Packard DeskJet 5@@ that is producing excellent results. It’s driven by a Xetec interface in 1525 emulation and works fine as-is for Geos, but I had to buy a cartridge to emulate an Epson FX-80 to use it with BASIC and Tus. Cartridges for it can be re-inked IF you remember to do it before they run dry. I’ve had it for a few years now. With the cartridge, there are two fonts, Pica and Elite, but also italic,bold,proportional,and condensed, with spacing from 5 to 17 characters per inch, and most of the control codes that work with TUWs.

As-is, the printer handles Geos well, except that the driver I use won’t print about @.3 inch at the right margin generally no problem. I’m using Geos 128 2.0 for graphics and text, and I’ve accumulated several hundred fonts and many graphics.


The other day I was corresponding with Tom Adams via internet e-mail = and casually mentioned that I had started using an offline mail reader for the first time. He asked me if I'd be willing to write an article for Mailink about using an offline mail reader (QLR). So, this is my attempt at such an article.

First, you may ask, "What is an offline mail reader and why would I want to use one?" In short, an OLR is software that allows you to read and reply to messages on. a bulletin board system (bbs) at your leisure while not being online (connected) to the bbs! Reasons to use one vary. Some people simply don’t have enough alotted access time to their bbs to be able to read and/or reply to their messages while Online. Some bbs operators (sysops) would prefer you to use an QLR to avoid keeping the phone line tied up for extended periods of time. In my case, what used to be a local call to access my favorite bbs is now a long distance call. So, I need to be able to call, download my messages and get off the line ina hurry!

There are 3 OLR programs available for use with our Commodores that I know about. One is a CP/M mode program, another called QWKIE is for the C464, and the last is called QWKRR128 which is for the C128. Since I use a 128D, QWKRR128 is my OLR of choice and the one that I1’11 write about.

QUKRR128 was written by Rod Gasson of Reynella, South Australia. He and his wife, Gaelyne, frequent the FIDO CBM message areas all the time and are always offering assistance to those who might have a problem in using the program. But QWKRR12Z6B has an excellent manual that can (and should) be printed out and read before you do anything else. This should eliminate alot of questions right from the start! I had mo trouble at all getting everything working properly by following the easy to understand manual.

There are basically 5 steps involved ina "normal" mail reading session. These are logon to bbs and download packet, de-archive packet, read/reply to messages, archive the replies, and re-logon to bbs and upload reply packet. To begin, logon to the bbs using whatever terminal program that you are comfortable with using. I currently use Dialogue. Other good choices are Desterm and Novaterm 9.6, especially if you are using a high speed modem. (That is anything above 2400 baud rate.) Lower speed modems will work too, just at a slower rate, which can make online sessions expensive if you are calling long distance. Anyway, the first step then is to download a QWK mail packet from the bbs. The bbs will give you options as to which message areas are to be included, how many messages from each area, the total size limit (in bytes) of the mail packet, etc. Ideally, all of these options should be setup beforehand to your liking so that when you subsequently logon to "grab your packet", time won’t be wasted doing it then. The bbs takes all of the messages that you’ ve pre-selected and "packs" (archives) them into a single file that you = then download just like you download any other file. This file will be called <bbs- id.qwk>, where bbs-id is the name of the bbs. In my case, the bbs is called the PrivyLedged BBS, so my downloaded mail packets are always called privy.qwk. Now, logoff from the bbs. The offline part of offline mail reading is next.

Since your mail packet was archived into a single file, step 2 involves "unpacking" (or de-archiving) it into the files that QWKRRiI2ZB uses. Just as there are several forms of archiving that may be used by the bbs to archive the file, there are also several forms of de-archivers that may be used to dissolve the file into its separated files. Each archive type requires a specific de-arc method to dissolve the file. All of the various types are explained in the manual. Since I selected PKPAK as the archiver on my bbs, I use a program called QPE (QW Packet Extractor), which handles this type of archiving. When running GPE, you are asked for options such as input drive mumber, output drive number, filename of mail packet, etc.


Again, you should run the program beforehand and choose your preferred settings and save them as the default. Then each time you run GPE, it will be ready to go and you won’t have to take the time to configure it. If your needs change, you can redo the settings and make them the default settings. When all is set correctly, QPE then proceeds to extract (separate) several files to the output drive. Of these, only 2 are actually needed by QWKRRI28. These are called control.dat and messages.dat. After QPE has finished, it can be set to automatically load and run QWKRR128! I have this feature enabled on my setup.

Next, QWKRR128 allows you to read through, and if you’d like, to reply to any of the messages. As with the other programs, you can configure QWKRRiI2Z8 to your